Systematics of leptospiraceae

Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2015;387:11-20. doi: 10.1007/978-3-662-45059-8_2.


Leptospires are spirochetes that may be free-living saprophytes found in freshwater or may cause acute or chronic infection of animals. The family Leptospiraceae comprises three genera: Leptospira Leptospira Leptonema Leptonema, and Turneriella Turneriella. Within the genus Leptospira, three clades can be distinguished, of pathogens, nonpathogens, and an intermediate group. Leptospires are further divided into serovars; antigenically related serovars are clustered into serogroups for convenience.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Leptospiraceae / classification*
  • Leptospiraceae / genetics
  • Phylogeny