Accelerated diabetic retinopathy and late human immunodeficiency virus diagnosis

Retin Cases Brief Rep. Spring 2012;6(2):139-41. doi: 10.1097/ICB.0b013e3182160902.


Purpose: To describe a case of rapidly progressive diabetic retinopathy in a patient who is human immunodeficiency virus positive.

Methods: This is an observational case report.

Results: Fundus examination shows worsening of diabetic retinopathy with new vessels and vitreous hemorrhage in both eyes despite intense pan retinal photocoagulation.

Conclusion: For patients with diabetes, additional diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus increases the challenge of managing diabetic retinopathy as proliferation can appear rapidly and tends to worsen in these patients.