Frequency of interleukin 28B rs12979860 C>T variants in Filipino patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus

Mol Biol Rep. 2015 Mar;42(3):673-9. doi: 10.1007/s11033-014-3814-1. Epub 2014 Nov 13.


Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most prevalent viral infections worldwide. Nearly 400 million individuals are chronic carriers of HBV. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of human interleukin 28B (IL28B) variants among treatment naive Filipino patients clinically diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and to compare the IL28B frequency distribution with various ethnic populations. Fifty-seven CHB patients and 43 normal controls were enrolled in this study. Real-time PCR was performed using the TaqMan genotyping assay for IL28B rs12979860. The allelic frequencies among normal controls were 0.94 and 0.06 for the IL28B rs12979860 C and T alleles, respectively. Eighty-eight percent were identified as homozygous for the IL28B C/C genotype and 12% were identified as heterozygous for the IL28B C/T genotype. Among CHB patients, the allelic frequencies were 0.90 for the IL28B C allele and 0.10 for the IL28B T allele. No IL28B T/T genotype was observed between the two groups. No significant difference in the distribution of IL28B genotypes was observed between normal controls and CHB patients. Allelic frequencies of IL28B among Filipinos were similar with other Asian populations but significantly different from Caucasians. The frequency of rs12979860 C>T variants among Filipino CHB patients has not yet been reported. These data provided new insight into the geographical frequency distribution of IL28B variants. Further studies are needed to determine the possible association between IL28B variants and response to pegylated-interferon-α plus ribavirin combination therapy among Filipino patients chronically infected with HBV.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alleles
  • Asian People / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Craniosynostoses
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency*
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Hepatitis B virus* / genetics
  • Hepatitis B, Chronic / genetics*
  • Hepatitis B, Chronic / pathology
  • Hepatitis B, Chronic / virology
  • Holoprosencephaly
  • Humans
  • Interferons
  • Interleukins / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Philippines
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Young Adult


  • interferon-lambda, human
  • Interleukins
  • Interferons

Supplementary concepts

  • Genoa syndrome