A fourth case of Feingold syndrome type 2: psychiatric presentation and management

BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Nov 12:2014:bcr2014207501. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2014-207501.


Feingold syndrome (FGLDS1) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the MYCN oncogene on the short arm of chromosome 2 (2p24.1). It is characterised by microcephaly, digital abnormalities, oesophageal and duodenal atresias, and often learning disability or mental retardation. In 2011, individuals sharing the skeletal abnormalities of FGLDS1 but lacking mutations in MYCN, were found to harbour hemizygous deletions of the MIR17HG gene on chromosome 13q31.3. These individuals share many of the characteristics of FGLDS1 except for gastrointestinal atresia. The condition was termed Feingold syndrome type 2 (FGLDS2). We describe the presentation and management of a fourth known case of FGLDS2 in an 18-year-old girl with microcephaly, short stature, mildly dysmorphic features, digital malformations and significant cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. Comparative genomic hybridisation array testing confirmed a 7.4 Mb microdeletion in chromosome region 13q31.1q.31.3 corresponding to the MIR17HG gene.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Antipsychotic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Anxiety Disorders / complications
  • Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Anxiety Disorders / drug therapy
  • Eyelids / abnormalities*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / complications
  • Intellectual Disability / diagnosis*
  • Intellectual Disability / therapy
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / complications
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / diagnosis*
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / therapy
  • Microcephaly / complications
  • Microcephaly / diagnosis*
  • Microcephaly / therapy
  • Mood Disorders / complications
  • Mood Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mood Disorders / drug therapy
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / complications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / diagnosis*
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / drug therapy
  • Rare Diseases
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula / complications
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula / diagnosis*
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula / therapy


  • Antipsychotic Agents

Supplementary concepts

  • Oculodigitoesophagoduodenal syndrome