Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence and Subsequent Police Reporting Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Adults in Colorado: Comparing Rates of Cisgender and Transgender Victimization

J Interpers Violence. 2016 Mar;31(5):855-71. doi: 10.1177/0886260514556767. Epub 2014 Nov 11.


Research indicates that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals are at high risk of victimization by others and that transgender individuals may be at even higher risk than their cisgender LGBQ peers. In examining partner violence in particular, extant literature suggests that LGBTQ individuals are at equal or higher risk of partner violence victimization compared with their heterosexual peers. As opposed to sexual orientation, there is little research on gender identity and partner violence within the LGBTQ literature. In the current study, the authors investigated intimate partner violence (IPV) in a large sample of LGBTQ adults (N = 1,139) to determine lifetime prevalence and police reporting in both cisgender and transgender individuals. Results show that more than one fifth of all participants ever experienced partner violence, with transgender participants demonstrating significantly higher rates than their cisgender peers. Implications focus on the use of inclusive language as well as future research and practice with LGBTQ IPV victims.

Keywords: LGBTQ; cisgender; intimate partner violence; transgender; victimization.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bisexuality / statistics & numerical data
  • Colorado
  • Crime Victims / psychology
  • Crime Victims / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Gender Identity*
  • Homosexuality, Female / statistics & numerical data
  • Homosexuality, Male / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Intimate Partner Violence / psychology
  • Intimate Partner Violence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Police*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sexual Partners
  • Sexuality / psychology
  • Sexuality / statistics & numerical data*
  • Transgender Persons / psychology
  • Transgender Persons / statistics & numerical data*