Evaluating the effectiveness of oral health education program among mothers with 6-18 months children in prevention of early childhood caries

Contemp Clin Dent. 2014 Oct;5(4):478-83. doi: 10.4103/0976-237X.142815.

Abstract

Background: Mothers play a key role as transmitters of oral health behavior for their children. Hence increasing their knowledge about positive attitude toward desirable oral health behaviors regarding their children will lead to the better oral health of the children.

Aim: The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of oral health education program among mothers with 6-18 months old children in the prevention of early childhood caries.

Materials and methods: A total of 480 mothers with 6-18 months old children were selected using cluster randomization of the primary health center. The allocated mothers were assigned into three groups: Motivation group (group A), traditional health education group (group B) and control group (group C). Clinical examination was carried out to record the dental decay of the child.

Statistical analysis: The data was analyzed using SPSS 13. Evaluation of statistical significance between groups was made using the Chi-square test, ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis.

Results: Mean number of decayed teeth was 0.23 + 0.58 in group A that was significantly less as compared to 0.39 + 0.79 and 1.17 + 1.32 in group B and C, respectively.

Conclusion: Motivational intervention was more effective in reducing dental decay in the children as compared to the other two groups.

Keywords: Dental health education; mothers; motivation; nursing bottle caries; prevention of early childhood caries; programs.