Biological and immunological characterization of a simian rotavirus SA11 variant with an altered genome segment 4

Virology. 1989 Apr;169(2):427-35. doi: 10.1016/0042-6822(89)90168-2.


We have studied a variant virus isolated from a stock of SA11 virus (H. G. Pereira, R. S. Azeredo, A. M. Fialho, and M. N. P. Vidal, 1984, J. Gen. Virol. 65, 815-818). This virus, designated 4F, was initially identified by its faster electrophoretic mobility for genome segment 4. The variant was analyzed to determine if the altered electrophoretic mobility of genome segment 4 could be correlated with phenotypic changes. Comparison of our standard laboratory SA11 virus (clone 3) with the 4F variant showed the following: (i) The 4F variant possesses a viral hemagglutinin (VP4) with a higher apparent molecular weight than clone 3. (ii) The 4F variant produces large plaques when assayed in vitro, as compared to clone 3. (iii) The 4F variant produces plaques in the absence of proteolytic enzymes, whereas clone 3 does not. (iv) The 4F variant reacts with serotype-specific neutralizing monoclonal antibodies to VP7, but fails to react with several neutralizing anti-VP4 monoclonal antibodies generated to SA11 clone 3. (v) The 4F variant grows to a higher titer and is more stable than clone 3. (vi) The 4F variant produces a VP4 that appears to be more susceptible to cleavage by trypsin than is the VP4 of clone 3. Further analyses with the 4F variant may lead to an understanding of the molecular basis for these altered phenotypes that appear to be related, at least in part, to the product of genome segment 4.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, Viral / genetics*
  • Capsid / genetics*
  • Capsid / immunology
  • Genes, Viral*
  • RNA, Viral / genetics
  • Rotavirus / genetics*
  • Rotavirus / immunology
  • Virus Replication


  • Antigens, Viral
  • RNA, Viral