Objective: To correlate prenatal indicators of pulmonary hypoplasia with neonatal lung function and pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (iCDH).
Materials and methods: Prospective single-center study on 40 fetuses with iCDH either expectantly managed (n = 13) or undergoing tracheal occlusion (n = 27). Prenatal predictors included observed/expected lung-head ratio (O/E LHR), observed/expected total fetal lung volume, fetal pulmonary reactivity to maternal O2 administration (Δpulsatility index, ΔPI) and liver-to-thorax ratio (LiTR) as measured in the second and third trimesters. Postnatal outcome measures included survival until discharge, best oxygenation index (OI) and alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient [D(A-a)O2] in the first 24 h of life and the occurrence of PHT in the first 28 days of life.
Results: Median gestational age (GA) at evaluations was 27.2 and 34.3 weeks. GA at delivery was 36.0 weeks, and overall survival was 55%. In the second trimester, measurement of lung size, LiTR and pulmonary reactivity were significantly related to survival and the best OI and D(A-a)O2.The occurrence of PHT was better predicted by ΔPI and LiTR.
Conclusions: O/E LHR, LiTR and vascular reactivity correlate with ventilatory parameters in the first 24 h of life. Occurrence of PHT at ≥28 days was best predicted by LiTR and ΔPI, but not by lung size.
© 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.