Tunable protein degradation in bacteria

Nat Biotechnol. 2014 Dec;32(12):1276-81. doi: 10.1038/nbt.3053. Epub 2014 Nov 17.


Tunable control of protein degradation in bacteria would provide a powerful research tool. Here we use components of the Mesoplasma florum transfer-messenger RNA system to create a synthetic degradation system that provides both independent control of steady-state protein level and inducible degradation of targeted proteins in Escherichia coli. We demonstrate application of this system in synthetic circuit development and control of core bacterial processes and antibacterial targets, and we transfer the system to Lactococcus lactis to establish its broad functionality in bacteria. We create a 238-member library of tagged essential proteins in E. coli that can serve as both a research tool to study essential gene function and an applied system for antibiotic discovery. Our synthetic protein degradation system is modular, does not require disruption of host systems and can be transferred to diverse bacteria with minimal modification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Entomoplasmataceae / chemistry
  • Entomoplasmataceae / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Lactococcus lactis / chemistry
  • Lactococcus lactis / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proteolysis*
  • RNA, Messenger / chemistry
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*


  • RNA, Messenger

Associated data

  • GENBANK/KM521207
  • GENBANK/KM521208
  • GENBANK/KM521209
  • GENBANK/KM521210
  • GENBANK/KM521211
  • GENBANK/KM521212