The Canadian healthy infant longitudinal development birth cohort study: biological samples and biobanking

Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2015 Jan;29(1):84-92. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12161. Epub 2014 Nov 18.


Background: It is hypothesised that complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors give rise to allergy and asthma in childhood. The Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) study was designed to explore these factors.

Methods: CHILD is a longitudinal, general population birth cohort study following infants from mid-pregnancy to age 5 years. Over this time period, biological samples, questionnaires, clinical measures and environmental data are collected.

Results: A total of 3624 families have been recruited, and many thousands of samples and questionnaires have been collected, annotated, and archived. This report outlines the rationale and methodology for collecting and storing diverse biological samples from parents and children in this study, and the mechanisms for their release for analyses.

Conclusions: The CHILD sample and data repository is a tremendous current and future resource and will provide a wealth of information not only informing studies of asthma and allergy, but also potentially in many other aspects of health relevant for Canadian infants and children.

Keywords: allergy; asthma; biological samples; birth cohort.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asthma / epidemiology*
  • Biological Specimen Banks / organization & administration*
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Child Welfare
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity / epidemiology*
  • Infant
  • Infant Welfare
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires