Structural characterization of the substrate transfer mechanism in Hsp70/Hsp90 folding machinery mediated by Hop

Nat Commun. 2014 Nov 19;5:5484. doi: 10.1038/ncomms6484.


In eukarya, chaperones Hsp70 and Hsp90 act coordinately in the folding and maturation of a range of key proteins with the help of several co-chaperones, especially Hop. Although biochemical data define the Hop-mediated Hsp70-Hsp90 substrate transfer mechanism, the intrinsic flexibility of these proteins and the dynamic nature of their complexes have limited the structural studies of this mechanism. Here we generate several complexes in the Hsp70/Hsp90 folding pathway (Hsp90:Hop, Hsp90:Hop:Hsp70 and Hsp90:Hop:Hsp70 with a fragment of the client protein glucocorticoid receptor (GR-LBD)), and determine their 3D structure using electron microscopy techniques. Our results show that one Hop molecule binds to one side of the Hsp90 dimer in both extended and compact conformations, through Hop domain rearrangement that take place when Hsp70 or Hsp70:GR-LBD bind to Hsp90:Hop. The compact conformation of the Hsp90:Hop:Hsp70:GR-LBD complex shows that GR-LBD binds to the side of the Hsp90 dimer opposite the Hop attachment site.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • HSP40 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism*
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / ultrastructure
  • HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism*
  • HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / ultrastructure
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / ultrastructure
  • Humans
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid / metabolism


  • HSP40 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid
  • STIP1 protein, human