Purpose: Morphometry techniques were applied to quantify the normal tissue therapy response in patients receiving whole-brain radiation for intracranial malignancies.
Methods: Pre- and Post-irradiation magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data sets were retrospectively analyzed in N = 15 patients. Volume changes with respect to pre-irradiation were quantitatively measured in the cerebrum and ventricles. Measurements were correlated with the time interval from irradiation. Criteria for inclusion included craniospinal irradiation, pre-irradiation MRI, at least one follow-up MRI, and no disease progression. The brain on each image was segmented to remove the skull and registered to the initial pre-treatment scan. Average volume changes were measured using morphometry analysis of the deformation Jacobian and direct template registration-based segmentation of brain structures.
Results: An average cerebral volume atrophy of -0.2 and -3% 3% was measured for the deformation morphometry and direct segmentation methods, respectively. An average ventricle volume dilation of 21 and 20% was measured for the deformation morphometry and direct segmentation methods, respectively.
Conclusion: The presented study has developed an image processing pipeline for morphometric monitoring of brain tissue volume changes as a response to radiation therapy. Results indicate that quantitative morphometric monitoring is feasible and may provide additional information in assessing response.