To develop an anti-obesity agent, we examined the combination effect of glucosyl hesperidin (G-hesperidin) and caffeine on obesity in mice. High-fat diet-induced obese KK mice were fed a low-fat diet with or without G-hesperidin, caffeine, or their combination for 2 weeks. Decreases in body weight and significantly lower adipose tissue weight were observed in the combination-fed mice but not in the G-hesperidin-fed or caffeine-fed mice. DNA microarray analysis of mouse liver suggested that the feeding of G-hesperidin + caffeine was associated with lower lipogenesis. Therefore, we examined the anti-lipogenic effect of G-hesperidin + caffeine in fasted-refed KK mice. Hepatic triglyceride levels were significantly lower in the mice fed G-hesperidin + caffeine during the refeeding period but not in the mice fed each alone. In addition, hepatic expressions of genes related to lipogenesis, such as sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c or fatty acid synthase, were significantly lower in the mice fed G-hesperidin + caffeine compared with that in the control mice. These results suggested that G-hesperidin + caffeine is effective for controlling obesity partly by the inhibition of hepatic lipogenesis.
Keywords: anti-obesity effect; caffeine; glucosyl hesperidin; lipogenesis; liver.
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.