High-intensity interval training for improving postprandial hyperglycemia

Res Q Exerc Sport. 2014 Dec;85(4):451-6. doi: 10.1080/02701367.2014.963474.


High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has garnered attention in recent years as a time-efficient exercise option for improving cardiovascular and metabolic health. New research demonstrates that HIIT may be particularly effective for improving postprandial hyperglycemia in individuals with, or at risk for, type 2 diabetes (T2D). These findings have clinical relevance because elevated postprandial hyperglycemia is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This article summarizes the latest evidence demonstrating that HIIT can improve postprandial glucose control to highlight the potential application of HIIT in the prevention and management of T2D and associated cardiovascular complications.

Keywords: exercise; glucose control; insulin resistance; type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control
  • Exercise*
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / therapy*
  • Physical Education and Training / methods*
  • Risk Factors


  • Blood Glucose