Mortality, Causes of Death, and Health Status Among Methamphetamine Users

J Addict Dis. 2015;34(1):88-100. doi: 10.1080/10550887.2014.975610. Epub 2014 Nov 21.


This study examines causes of death, years of life lost, and health and drug use characteristics associated with mortality over an 8 to 10 year period in a sample of methamphetamine users who had and had not received substance use disorder treatment (N = 563). Decedents reported initiating their methamphetamine use for different reasons than surviving methamphetamine users, and some of these differences varied by treatment status. Study findings provide additional detail on long-term health and mortality outcomes in a diverse sample of methamphetamine users, which may inform public health strategies targeting the comparable and divergent needs of treated and untreated populations.

Keywords: Methamphetamine; morbidity; mortality; substance use disorder treatment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amphetamine-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Amphetamine-Related Disorders / mortality*
  • Amphetamine-Related Disorders / psychology*
  • Amphetamine-Related Disorders / therapy
  • Cause of Death
  • Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Methamphetamine*
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Substance Abuse Treatment Centers
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Methamphetamine