Parent- And Teacher-Reported Symptoms of ADHD in School-Aged Children With Active Epilepsy: A Population-Based Study

J Atten Disord. 2017 Sep;21(11):887-897. doi: 10.1177/1087054714558117. Epub 2014 Nov 21.

Abstract

Objective: Provide data on the distribution of parent- and teacher-reported symptoms of ADHD in childhood epilepsy and describe coexisting cognitive and behavioral disorders in children with both epilepsy and ADHD.

Method: Eighty-five (74% of those eligible) children (5-15 years) in a population-based sample with active epilepsy underwent psychological assessment. The ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHD-RS-IV) scale was completed by parents ( n = 69) and teachers ( n = 67) of participating children with an IQ > 34. ADHD was diagnosed with respect to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.).

Results: Parents reported significantly more symptoms of ADHD than teachers ( p < .001). Symptoms of inattention were more commonly reported than symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity ( p < .001). Neurobehavioral comorbidity was similar in those with ADHD and non-ADHD with the exception of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD), which were more common in those with both epilepsy and ADHD.

Conclusion: Symptoms of ADHD are very common in childhood epilepsy but prevalence is influenced by informant.

Keywords: attention; epilepsy; parent; teacher.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / epidemiology*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology
  • Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders / epidemiology
  • Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders / psychology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Comorbidity
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • England / epidemiology
  • Epilepsy / epidemiology*
  • Epilepsy / psychology
  • Faculty
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Impulsive Behavior / physiology
  • Male
  • Parents
  • Prevalence
  • Problem Behavior
  • Prospective Studies
  • School Teachers