Screening for vitamin D deficiency in adults: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement

Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jan 20;162(2):133-40. doi: 10.7326/M14-2450.


Description: New USPSTF recommendation on screening for vitamin D deficiency in adults.

Methods: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on screening for and treatment of vitamin D deficiency, including the benefits and harms of screening and early treatment.

Population: This recommendation applies to community-dwelling, nonpregnant adults aged 18 years or older who are seen in primary care settings and are not known to have signs or symptoms of vitamin D deficiency or conditions for which vitamin D treatment is recommended.

Recommendation: The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for vitamin D deficiency in asymptomatic adults. (I statement).

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Asymptomatic Diseases
  • Calcium / therapeutic use
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening* / adverse effects
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Assessment
  • United States
  • Vitamin D / adverse effects
  • Vitamin D / therapeutic use
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / complications
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / diagnosis*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / drug therapy
  • Young Adult


  • Vitamin D
  • Calcium