[Effective thrombolytic therapy for calcified cerebral embolism originating from a calcified plaque in the internal carotid artery]

Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2014;54(11):916-9. doi: 10.5692/clinicalneurol.54.916.
[Article in Japanese]


A 72-year-old man was transported to our emergency department after rear-ending another vehicle. He presented with acute left hemispatial neglect, left hemianopsia, and mild left hemiparesis. Computed tomography (CT) on admission showed a calcified embolus in the right middle cerebral artery. After intravenous thrombolytic therapy, the patient showed drastic improvement of neurological deficits. Follow-up CT showed disappearance of embolus, but distal migration of emboli to the downstream of the right middle cerebral artery was seen, sparing the massive territory of the right middle cerebral artery. Carotid duplex sonography and 3-dimensional CT angiography showed a calcified plaque with ulceration at the origin of the right internal carotid artery, representing the presumptive origin of the emboli. We report a rare case of effective intravenous thrombolysis for calcified cerebral embolism from the carotid artery. Further consideration of the mechanism, efficacy, and indication of intravenous thrombolysis for calcified cerebral emboli is needed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Calcinosis / pathology*
  • Carotid Artery, Internal*
  • Carotid Stenosis / pathology*
  • Cerebral Arterial Diseases / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Embolism / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Thrombolytic Therapy*
  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator / therapeutic use*


  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator