Do current cost-effectiveness analyses reflect the full value of childhood vaccination in Europe? A rotavirus case study

Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2014;10(8):2290-4. doi: 10.4161/hv.29090.


Economic evaluation of vaccination programs can be challenging and does not always fully capture the benefits provided. Reasons for this include the difficulties incurred in accurately capturing the health and economic impact of infectious diseases and how different diseases may interact with each other. Rotavirus infection, for example, peaks at a similar time than other infectious diseases, such as RSV and influenza, which can cause hospital overcrowding and disruption, and may pose a risk to more vulnerable children due to limited availability of isolation facilities. Another challenge, specific to evaluating childhood vaccination, is that QoL cannot be accurately measured in children due to a lack of validated instruments. Childhood diseases also incur a care giver burden, due to the need for parents to take time off work, and this is important to consider. Finally, for diseases such as RVGE, cost-effectiveness analyses in which longer time horizons are considered may not reflect the short-term benefits of vaccination. Further quantification of the economic impact of childhood diseases is thus required to fully highlight the true benefits of childhood vaccination that may be realized. Herein we explore the limitations of existing economic evaluations for childhood vaccination, and how economic analyses could be better adapted in future.

Keywords: benefits; cost-effectiveness; economic evaluation; pediatric; rotavirus; seasonality; vaccination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biostatistics
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Rotavirus Infections / economics*
  • Rotavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Rotavirus Vaccines / administration & dosage*
  • Rotavirus Vaccines / economics*
  • Vaccination / economics*
  • Vaccination / methods


  • Rotavirus Vaccines