The shoulder joint has the greatest range of motion of any joint in the body. However, it relies on soft-tissue restraints, including the capsule, ligaments, and musculature, for stability. Therefore, this joint is at the highest risk for dislocation. Thorough knowledge of the shoulder's anatomy as well as classification of dislocations, anesthetic techniques, and reduction maneuvers is crucial for early management of acute shoulder dislocation. Given the lack of comparative studies on various reduction techniques, the choice of technique is based on physician preference. The orthopaedic surgeon must be well versed in several reduction methods and ascertain the best technique for each patient.
Copyright 2014 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.