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. 2015 Sep;25(3):506-17.
doi: 10.1007/s10926-014-9557-y.

Self-Reported and Tested Function in Health Care Workers With Musculoskeletal Disorders on Full, Partial or Not on Sick Leave

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Self-Reported and Tested Function in Health Care Workers With Musculoskeletal Disorders on Full, Partial or Not on Sick Leave

Tove Ask et al. J Occup Rehabil. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe self-reported and physically tested function in health care workers with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and to examine how function was associated with work participation.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. 250 health care workers attended an evaluation where self-reported and physical function were measured. Differences between groups (full sick leave, partial sick leave, not on sick leave/working) were analyzed for categorical data (Chi square exact test) and continuous variables (Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests). Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine which factors were associated with being on sick leave.

Results: Participants on full sick leave had statistically significant poorer function compared to those working and the group on partial sick leave. Logistic regression showed that a reduced level of the physical dimension of SF-12 and a high lift test were significantly related to full sick leave (OR 0.86, p < 0.001) (OR 0.79, p = 0.002). The physical dimension of SF-12 was the only variable that was associated to partial sick leave (OR 0.91, p = 0.005).

Conclusion: Health care workers on full sick leave due to MSDs have reduced function on self-reported and physically tested function, compared to those working despite MSDs, as well as when compared to those on partial sick leave. More knowledge about work ability in occupational sub-groups is needed.

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