NCBI viral genomes resource

Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 Jan;43(Database issue):D571-7. doi: 10.1093/nar/gku1207. Epub 2014 Nov 26.


Recent technological innovations have ignited an explosion in virus genome sequencing that promises to fundamentally alter our understanding of viral biology and profoundly impact public health policy. Yet, any potential benefits from the billowing cloud of next generation sequence data hinge upon well implemented reference resources that facilitate the identification of sequences, aid in the assembly of sequence reads and provide reference annotation sources. The NCBI Viral Genomes Resource is a reference resource designed to bring order to this sequence shockwave and improve usability of viral sequence data. The resource can be accessed at and catalogs all publicly available virus genome sequences and curates reference genome sequences. As the number of genome sequences has grown, so too have the difficulties in annotating and maintaining reference sequences. The rapid expansion of the viral sequence universe has forced a recalibration of the data model to better provide extant sequence representation and enhanced reference sequence products to serve the needs of the various viral communities. This, in turn, has placed increased emphasis on leveraging the knowledge of individual scientific communities to identify important viral sequences and develop well annotated reference virus genome sets.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Nucleic Acid*
  • Genome, Viral*
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Internet
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Software
  • Viruses / classification