Background and aims: Femoroacetabular impingement is the abnormal contact of the proximal femur and acetabulum during motion. It causes hip pain and joint degeneration in young patients. This systematic review aims to clarify the clinical effect of arthroscopic femoral osteochondroplasty for cam lesions and to review the available literature for the general medical readership, including providers of primary and secondary care.
Methods and results: Electronic databases were searched for studies of arthroscopic femoral osteochondroplasty in primary femoroacetabular impingement. A total of 2618 article titles, 242 abstracts and 33 full text articles were considered. Ultimately nine studies with clinical outcome scores met the inclusion criteria and were included in the qualitative systematic review. Six studies were suitable for meta-analysis using an inverse variance, random effects model (RevMan software). In the nine studies, improvements were seen in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index, Non-arthritic Hip Score and Modified Harris Hip Scores. Across the six studies suitable for meta-analysis (537 patients), a 24-point weighted mean improvement in Non-arthritic hip score was seen. This yielded a large overall effect size of 1.6.
Conclusion: Arthroscopic femoral osteochondroplasty appears to be a beneficial treatment for primary femoroacetabular impingement, with a large effect size seen across six eligible studies.
Keywords: Arthroscopy; femoroacetabular; femoroplasty; hip; osteochondroplasty.
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