Orthoses and exoprostheses for companion animals

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2015 Jan;45(1):167-83. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2014.09.009.


Exoprostheses are devices that are secured to incomplete limbs to enable locomotion. By comparison, orthoses are devices externally applied to support or protect an injured body part. Orthoses also can be used to control, guide, protect, limit motion of, or immobilize an extremity, a joint, or a body segment. Exoprostheses and orthoses are a growing aspect of the physical rehabilitation of companion animals. They require precise design and fabrication. Patients and owners must be trained to use the devices. Exoprostheses and orthoses can have a profound beneficial impact on the mobility and the quality of life of companion animals.

Keywords: Exoprosthesis; Orthosis; Orthotics; Prosthetic design; Prosthetic device; Prosthetic fitting; Prosthetic training; Socket prosthesis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Artificial Limbs / veterinary*
  • Orthotic Devices / veterinary*
  • Pets*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities / veterinary
  • Veterinary Medicine / instrumentation*
  • Veterinary Medicine / methods