Filtration to reduce paediatric dose for a linear slot-scanning digital X-ray machine

Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2015 Dec;167(4):552-61. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncu339. Epub 2014 Nov 27.


This paper describes modelling, application and validation of a filtration technique for a linear slot-scanning digital X-ray system to reduce radiation dose to paediatric patients while preserving diagnostic image quality. A dose prediction model was implemented, which calculates patient entrance doses using variable input parameters. Effective dose is calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation. An added filter of 1.8-mm aluminium was predicted to lower the radiation dose significantly. An objective image quality study was conducted using detective quantum efficiency (DQE). The PTW Normi 4FLU test phantom was used for quantitative assessment, showing that image contrast and spatial resolution were maintained with the proposed filter. A paediatric cadaver full-body imaging trial assessed the diagnostic quality of the images and measured the dose reduction using a 1.8-mm aluminium filter. Assessment by radiologists indicated that diagnostic quality was maintained with the added filtration, despite a reduction in DQE. A new filtration technique for full-body paediatric scanning on the Lodox Statscan has been validated, reducing entrance dose for paediatric patients by 36 % on average and effective dose by 27 % on average, while maintaining image quality.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aluminum / chemistry
  • Cadaver
  • Female
  • Filtration / instrumentation*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Phantoms, Imaging*
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiation Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement / instrumentation*
  • Whole Body Imaging / instrumentation*
  • Whole-Body Counting
  • X-Rays


  • Aluminum