Whole-body cryostimulation increases parasympathetic outflow and decreases core body temperature

J Therm Biol. 2014 Oct;45:75-80. doi: 10.1016/j.jtherbio.2014.08.001. Epub 2014 Aug 19.


The cardiovascular, autonomic and thermal response to whole-body cryostimulation exposure are not completely known. Thus the aim of this study was to evaluate objectively and noninvasively autonomic and thermal reactions observed after short exposure to very low temperatures. We examined 25 healthy men with mean age 30.1 ± 3.7 years and comparable anthropomorphical characteristic. Each subject was exposed to cryotherapeutic temperatures in a cryogenic chamber for 3 min (approx. -120 °C). The cardiovascular and autonomic parameters were measured noninvasively with Task Force Monitor. The changes in core body temperature were determined with the Vital Sense telemetric measurement system. Results show that 3 min to cryotherapeutic temperatures causes significant changes in autonomic balance which are induced by peripheral and central blood volume changes. Cryostimulation also induced changes in core body temperature, maximum drop of core temperature was observed 50-60 min after the stimulation. Autonomic and thermal reactions to cryostimulation were observed up to 6 h after the exposure and were not harmful for examined subjects.

Keywords: Autonomic nervous system; Core body temperature; Whole-body cryostimulation; Whole-body cryotherapy.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Circulation*
  • Blood Volume
  • Body Temperature*
  • Cryotherapy / adverse effects
  • Cryotherapy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parasympathetic Nervous System / physiology*