The cause of colorectal cancer (CRC) is multifactorial, with genetic, molecular, inflammatory, and environmental risk factors. Recently, the gut microbiota has been recognized as a new environmental contributor to CRC in both animal models and human studies. An additional interplay of the gut microbiome with inflammation is also evident in studies that have shown that inflammation alone or the presence of bacteria/bacterial metabolites alone is not enough to promote tumorigenesis. Rather, complex interrelationships with the gut microbiome, inflammation, genetics, and other environmental factors are evident in progression of colorectal tumors.
Keywords: Carcinogenesis; Colorectal cancer; Gut microbiome; Inflammation.
Published by Elsevier Inc.