Imaging of pediatric head and neck masses

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2015 Feb;48(1):225-46. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2014.09.015.


Medical imaging is an important tool in the evaluation and classification of pediatric head and neck masses. Such lesions may include congenital, inflammatory, infectious, vascular, or neoplastic processes. Ultrasound is often the first line modality in the workup of a neck mass in a child, followed by MRI or CT depending on the scenario. This information must be interpreted in the context of the patient's clinical history, physical examination, and demographics. The medical imaging workup of a neck mass in a child must be focused to yield the maximum information possible while minimizing the risks of radiation and sedation.

Keywords: Head and neck masses; Imaging; Pediatrics.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Male
  • Multimodal Imaging / methods
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler