Clostridium difficile is increasing in both incidence and severity. Although metronidazole and vancomycin remain the gold standard for medical management, and surgical colectomy the gold standard for surgical management, new treatment alternatives, including the creation of a diverting loop ileostomy along with colonic lavage and vancomycin enemas, are being investigated that may lead to changes in the current treatment algorithms. The most exciting development in the treatment options for C difficile infection, however, is likely to be novel immunologic agents, which hold the potential to reduce the incidence, mortality, and costs associated with C difficile.
Keywords: Colectomy; Fecal microbiota therapy; Ileostomy; Vancomycin.
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