Effects of a training program based on the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation method on post-stroke motor recovery: a preliminary study

J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2014 Oct;18(4):526-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2013.12.004. Epub 2013 Dec 11.


This preliminary study sought to analyze the effects of a training program based on the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) method on motor recovery of individuals with chronic post-stroke hemiparesis. Eleven individuals with chronic hemiparesis (mean lesion time of 19.64 months) after unilateral and non-recurrent stroke underwent training based on PNF method for twelve sessions, being evaluated for motor function - using the Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement (STREAM) instrument; functionality, by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM); and gait kinematic (using the Qualisys Motion Capture System), at baseline and post-training. Significant changes in FIM (from median 67 to median 68; P = .043) and STREAM scores (from median 47 to median 55; P = .003) were observed. Data showed significant changes in motor function and functionality after training, suggesting that this program can be useful for rehabilitation of chronic stroke survivors.

Keywords: Gait; Recovery of function; Rehabilitation; Stroke.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Chronic Disease
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Gait
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Movement
  • Paresis / etiology
  • Paresis / rehabilitation*
  • Recovery of Function
  • Stroke / complications
  • Stroke Rehabilitation*