Haemostatic management of obstetric haemorrhage

Anaesthesia. 2015 Jan;70 Suppl 1:78-86, e27-8. doi: 10.1111/anae.12913.

Abstract

The haemostatic management of major obstetric haemorrhage remains challenging, and current published guidance relies heavily on experience from the non-pregnant population and expert opinion. In recent years, an interest in the implications of relative hypofibrinogenaemia, point-of-care monitoring of coagulation abnormalities, and the potential to give goal-directed therapy to correct coagulopathies, have created the possibility of significantly challenging and changing guidance. There is evidence that the haemostatic impairment in the pregnant population is different from trauma-induced bleeding, and the type and rate of onset of coagulopathies differ depending on the underlying cause. This review examines areas such as possible intervention points, describes evidence for over-transfusion of fresh frozen plasma in some situations and challenges conventional thinking on formulaic management. It also examines the rationale for other therapeutic options, including fibrinogen concentrate and tranexamic acid.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Transfusion
  • Factor VIIa / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Fibrinogen / physiology
  • Fibrinogen / therapeutic use
  • Hemostasis
  • Hemostatic Techniques*
  • Humans
  • Plasma
  • Platelet Transfusion
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage / therapy*
  • Pregnancy
  • Tranexamic Acid / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Tranexamic Acid
  • Fibrinogen
  • Factor VIIa