Myocardial scar characteristics based on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is associated with ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy

Int J Cardiol. 2014 Dec 15;177(2):392-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.08.132. Epub 2014 Aug 29.


Objectives: We hypothesized that myocardial scar characterization using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) may be associated with the occurrence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT), appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy and mortality.

Background: Since a minority of patients with prophylactic ICD implantation receive appropriate ICD therapy, there is a need for more effective risk stratification for primary prevention in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Methods and results: In 99 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, CMR was performed prior to ICD implantation. We assessed if CMR indices (cardiac mass, LVEF) and CMR scar characteristics (infarct core mass, peri-infarction mass and the ratio's between left ventricular mass, infarct core mass and peri-infarction mass) were associated with outcome. The primary endpoint was sustained VT and/or appropriate ICD therapy. The secondary endpoint was all-cause mortality. During a median follow-up of 5.4 years (IQR 4.5-6.6 years), 34 patients reached the primary end-point (17 appropriate ICD shocks) and 26 patients died. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, peri-infarction to core-infarction ratio (HR 2.01, 95%CI: 1.17-3.44, p=0.01) was independently and significantly associated with the primary endpoint, whereas NYHA-class and lower LVEF were not. Conversely, age (HR 1.06, 95% CI: 1.01-1.12, p=0.02) and lower LVEF (HR 0.95, 95% CI: 0.91-1.00, p=0.04) were independently associated with all-cause mortality, mainly due to heart failure.

Conclusion: A relatively large peri-infarction mass is associated with sustained VT and/or appropriate ICD therapy, whereas age and lower LVEF are associated with mortality. CMR based tissue characterization could aid in the prediction of specific outcome measures and in clinical decision making.

Keywords: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging; Implantable cardioverter defibrillator; Late gadolinium enhancement; Mortality; Ventricular tachyarrhythmia.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cardiomyopathies / complications
  • Cardiomyopathies / diagnosis*
  • Cardiomyopathies / therapy
  • Cicatrix / complications
  • Cicatrix / diagnosis*
  • Cicatrix / therapy
  • Defibrillators, Implantable / trends
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine* / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Ischemia / complications
  • Myocardial Ischemia / diagnosis*
  • Myocardial Ischemia / therapy
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / complications
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / diagnosis*
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / therapy