The economics of functional magnetic resonance imaging: clinical and research

Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2014 Nov;24(4):717-24. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2014.07.007. Epub 2014 Nov 1.


It is difficult to justify maintaining a clinical functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) program based solely on revenue generation. The use of fMRI is, therefore, based mostly in patient care considerations, leading to better outcomes. The high costs of the top-of-the-line equipment, hardware, and software needed for state-of-the-art fMRI and the time commitment by multiple professionals are not adequately reimbursed at a representative rate by current payor schemes for the Current Procedure Terminology codes assigned.

Keywords: BOLD; Costs; Economics; Equipment; Expenses; Functional imaging; Functional magnetic resonance imaging; Revenue.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research / economics*
  • Brain Mapping / economics*
  • Delivery of Health Care / economics*
  • Health Care Costs / statistics & numerical data*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / economics*
  • Models, Economic*