Biomechanical evaluation of an all-inside suture-based device for repairing longitudinal meniscal tears

Arthroscopy. 2015 Mar;31(3):428-34. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2014.08.027. Epub 2014 Oct 18.


Purpose: A device for all-inside suture-based meniscal repairs has been introduced (NovoStitch; Ceterix, Menlo Park, CA) that passes the suture vertically through the meniscus, thereby encircling the tear, and does not require an additional incision or extra-capsular anchors. Our aim was to compare this all-inside suture-based repair with an inside-out suture repair and an all-inside anchor-based repair (FasT-Fix 360°; Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA).

Methods: Longitudinal tears were created in 36 fresh-frozen porcine menisci. Repairs were performed using an all-inside suture-based meniscal repair device, an all-inside anchor-based repair, and an inside-out suture repair. They were tested with cyclic loading and load-to-failure testing. The displacement, response to cyclic loading (100, 300, and 500 cycles), and mode of failure were recorded. The stiffness of the constructs was calculated as well.

Results: The all-inside suture-based repairs and the inside-out repairs showed significantly higher loads to failure than the all-inside anchor-based repairs. The stiffness values for the 3 repairs were not different. There were no differences in initial displacement. After 100, 300, and 500 cycles, the inside-out repair had higher gap formation (displacement) than the other 2 groups. Suture failure was the predominant mode of failure across all repair techniques.

Conclusions: The all-inside suture-based repairs and inside-out repairs did not exhibit different load-to-failure values. In addition, the all-inside suture-based repairs and the all-inside anchor-based repairs did not exhibit different displacement values during cyclic loading.

Clinical relevance: When addressing a longitudinal meniscal tear, surgeons should consider biomechanical data of various repair devices and techniques in their decision-making process to maximize the mechanical strength and healing probability of the repair.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Menisci, Tibial / physiopathology
  • Menisci, Tibial / surgery*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Suture Techniques / instrumentation*
  • Swine
  • Tibial Meniscus Injuries