Background: Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (TwHF) has been used for many years to induce the remission of Crohn's disease in China.
Aims: To compare TwHF versus azathioprine for the prevention of postoperative recurrence in Crohn's disease.
Methods: 90 Crohn's disease patients who had undergone resection were treated with TwHF 1.5mg/kg/day or azathioprine 2.0 mg/kg/day. The primary endpoint was clinical recurrence, and the secondary endpoint was endoscopic recurrence.
Results: 47 patients completed the trial. Clinical recurrence was observed in 6/45 patients in the TwHF group and 4/45 patients in the azathioprine group at week 26 (P=0.74). At week 52, 8/45 azathioprine patients and 12/45 TwHF patients had clinical recurrence (P = 0.45). During the first 26 weeks, 56.8% of the patients in the TwHF group versus 47.7% in the azathioprine group experienced endoscopic recurrence (P = 0.52). However, at week 52, 74.4% of patients in the TwHF group and 50% in the azathioprine group had endoscopic recurrence (P = 0.03).
Conclusions: TwHF was less effective in maintaining endoscopic remission at week 52, even though TwHF was comparable to azathioprine for preventing postoperative clinical recurrence.
Keywords: Azathioprine; Crohn's disease; Postoperative recurrence; Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f..
Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.