Objectives: To compare Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and (99m)Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) as imaging-based liver function tests for separate evaluation of right (RLL) and left liver lobe (LLL) function.
Methods: Fourteen patients underwent Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and (99m)Tc-mebrofenin HBS after portal vein embolization within 24 h. Relative enhancement (RE) and hepatic uptake index (HUI) were determined from MRI; and T max, T 1/2 and mebrofenin uptake were determined from HBS, all values separately for RLL and LLL.
Results: Mebrofenin uptake correlated significantly with HUI and RE for both liver lobes. There was strong correlation of mebrofenin uptake with HUI for RLL (r (2) = 0.802, p = 0.001) and RE for LLL (r (2) = 0.704, p = 0.005) and moderate correlation with HUI for LLL (r (2) = 0.560, p = 0.037) and RE for RLL (r (2) = 0.620, p = 0.018). Correlating the percentage share of RLL function derived from MRI (with HUI) with the percentage of RLL function derived from mebrofenin uptake revealed a strong correlation (r (2) = 0.775, p = 0.002).
Conclusions: Both RE and HUI correlate with mebrofenin uptake in HBS. The results suggest that Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and (99m)Tc-mebrofenin HBS may equally be used to separately determine right and left liver lobe function.
Key points: • Information about liver function can be acquired with routine Gd-EOB-MRI. • Gd-EOB-MRI and (99m) Tc-mebrofenin HBS show elevated function of non-embolized lobe. • Gd-EOB-MRI and (99m) Tc-mebrofenin HBS can determine lobar liver function.