Abdominal wall defects

Early Hum Dev. 2014 Dec;90(12):917-20. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2014.09.018. Epub 2014 Oct 14.


Abdominal wall defects in foetuses include gastroschisis, exomphalos, bladder exstrophy complex, cloacal exstrophy and body stalk syndrome. The defects that occur more commonly are gastroschisis and exomphalos. In this review we assess the current evidence regarding the incidence, perinatal risk factors, antenatal and postnatal management and outcome for both these conditions. A review of the current surgical practices for management of gastroschisis and exomphalos is discussed.

Keywords: Exomphalos; Gastroschisis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Wall / abnormalities*
  • Abdominal Wall / pathology
  • Abdominal Wall / surgery
  • Gastroschisis / epidemiology
  • Gastroschisis / pathology
  • Gastroschisis / surgery*
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Hernia, Umbilical / epidemiology
  • Hernia, Umbilical / pathology
  • Hernia, Umbilical / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome