Amphipols (APols) are a family of amphipathic polymers designed to keep transmembrane proteins (TMPs) soluble in aqueous solutions in the absence of detergent. APols have proven remarkably efficient at (i) stabilizing TMPs, as compared to detergent solutions, and (ii) folding them from a denatured state to a native, functional one. The underlying physical-chemical mechanisms are discussed.
Keywords: A8-35; Amphipols; Bacteriorhodopsin; Folding; G protein-coupled receptors; Kinetics; Membrane protein; Outer membrane proteins; Thermodynamic stability.
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