Intercellular communication mediated by small signaling molecules is a key mechanism for coordinating plant growth and development. In the past few years, polypeptide signals have been shown to play prominent roles in processes as diverse as shoot and root meristem maintenance, vascular differentiation, lateral root emergence, and seed formation. Signaling components such as CLV1 and the IDA-HAE/HSL2 signaling module have been discovered to regulate distinct developmental processes in different tissues. Recent studies have also uncovered novel polypeptide-receptor interactions, intracellular components and downstream target genes, adding complexity to our picture of polypeptide signaling networks. Finally, new families of plant polypeptides, such as the GLV/RGF/CLEL and ESF factors, are being identified, the functions of which we are only beginning to understand.
Published by Elsevier Ltd.