The effects of the Fc silencing mutations such as leucine (L) to alanine (A) substitution at the position 234 and 235 (LALA) and the alanine (A) to asparagine (N) substitution at position 297 (N297A) are well investigated for human IgG. However, the effects of the same two silencing Fc mutations in a mouse IgG backbone are not yet well investigated in respect to binding to mouse Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs), complement and subsequent effector functions. By using a mouse IgG2a tool antibody directed against mouse OX40L, we demonstrate a strongly reduced binding of the two Fc mutants to high and low affinity recombinant and cell expressed mouse FcγRs, when compared to the mouse IgG2a with the wild type (wt) backbone. Reduced FcγR binding by the two investigated Fc mutants could further be confirmed on primary mouse macrophages expressing their native FcγRs. In addition, we reveal that the LALA and N297A mutations in the mIgG2a also slightly reduced binding to C1q of human origin. Thus, here we provide experimental evidence that the two investigated Fc mutations in the mouse IgG backbone lead to similar "silencing" properties as previously demonstrated for the human IgG and thus represent a useful method to alter effector functions in tool antibodies to be used in mouse models.
Keywords: Complement; Fc silencing mutations; Mouse FcγRs binding; Mouse IgG2a.
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