Comparison of urine and cervical samples for detecting human papillomavirus (HPV) with the Cobas 4800 HPV test

J Clin Virol. 2014 Dec;61(4):548-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2014.10.001. Epub 2014 Oct 12.

Abstract

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer. The development of non-invasive self-sample collection methods would have the potential advantage of increasing the acceptance of the screening procedures.

Objectives: To compare human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA detection and genotyping with the Cobas 4800 HPV test (Roche Diagnostic, Spain) on paired cervical and first voided urine.

Study design: Paired urine and cervical samples were collected from 125 women referred for evaluation of abnormal Pap smear results.

Results: The overall percent agreement between HPV detection in urine and cervical samples was 88%. A substantial concordance rate of HPV DNA detection in both samples was observed (κ=0.76; 95% IC: 64-87). In this high prevalence population the sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV for detection of HPV DNA from urine versus cervical samples were 90.5% (95% IC: 80-95%), 85%, (95% IC: 74-92%), 89.8% (95% IC: 79.5-95.3) and 86.4% (95% IC: 76.1-92.7) respectively. Compared to histologically confirmed CIN 2/3 disease, the clinical sensitivity and specificity for the detection of high-risk HPV in urine samples were 95% (95% IC: 76-97%) and 52.4% (95% IC: 40-64%) respectively.

Conclusions: These results suggest that urine samples processed with Cobas 4800 HPV test may be useful for clinical management of HPV infection.

Keywords: Cobas 4800; Genotyping; Papillomavirus; Urine.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Cervix Uteri / virology*
  • DNA, Viral / genetics
  • DNA, Viral / isolation & purification*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Molecular Diagnostic Techniques / methods*
  • Papillomaviridae / genetics
  • Papillomaviridae / isolation & purification*
  • Papillomavirus Infections / diagnosis*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Urine / virology*

Substances

  • DNA, Viral