Highly sensitive silicon nanowire biosensor with novel liquid gate control for detection of specific single-stranded DNA molecules

Biosens Bioelectron. 2015 May 15:67:656-61. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2014.10.005. Epub 2014 Oct 6.


The study demonstrates the development of a liquid-based gate-control silicon nanowire biosensor for detection of specific single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) molecules. The sensor was fabricated using conventional photolithography coupled with an inductively coupled plasma dry etching process. Prior to the application of DNA to the device, its linear response to pH was confirmed by serial dilution from pH 2 to pH 14. Then, the sensor surface was silanized and directly aminated with (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane to create a molecular binding chemistry for biofunctionalization. The resulting Si‒O‒Si‒ components were functionalized with receptor ssDNA, which interacted with the targeted ssDNA to create a field across the silicon nanowire and increase the current. The sensor shows selectivity for the target ssDNA in a linear range from target ssDNA concentrations of 100 pM to 25 nM. With its excellent detection capabilities, this sensor platform is promising for detection of specific biomarkers and other targeted proteins.

Keywords: APTES; DNA; Liquid gate control; Nanowire biosensor; Photolithography; ssDNA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • DNA, Single-Stranded / chemistry
  • DNA, Single-Stranded / isolation & purification*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Nanowires / chemistry*
  • Silicon / chemistry


  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Silicon