The synthesis of a series of iminoheterocycles and their structure-activity relationships (SAR) as inhibitors of the aspartyl protease BACE1 will be detailed. An effort to access the S3 subsite directly from the S1 subsite initially yielded compounds with sub-micromolar potency. A subset of compounds from this effort unexpectedly occupied a different binding site and displayed excellent BACE1 affinities. Select compounds from this subset acutely lowered Aβ40 levels upon subcutaneous and oral administration to rats.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; Aspartyl protease inhibitors; BACE; Structure-based drug design; β-Secretase.
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