Anatomy of the triceps surae: a pictorial essay

Foot Ankle Clin. 2014 Dec;19(4):603-35. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2014.08.002. Epub 2014 Sep 30.


Gastrocnemius contracture has recently gained relevance owing to its suggested relationship with foot disorders such as metatarsalgia, plantar fasciopathy, hallux valgus, and others. Consequently this has induced a renewed interest in surgical lengthening techniques, including proximal gastrocnemius release, to resolve gastrocnemius contracture in patients with foot disorders. This article describes and discusses the general anatomy of the triceps surae and the surgical anatomy of the gastrocnemius.

Keywords: Anatomy; Calcaneal tendon; Gastrocnemius; Gastrocnemius-soleus complex; Plantaris muscle; Soleus; Surgical anatomy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Achilles Tendon / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Leg / anatomy & histology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology*