A novel Schiff-base as a Cu(II) ion fluorescent sensor in aqueous solution

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2015 Feb 5;136 Pt C:1679-83. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2014.10.066. Epub 2014 Oct 27.

Abstract

A new fluorescent Cu(II) sensor (L) obtained from the Schiff base of 5,5'-methylene-bis-salicylaldehyde with amidol (2,4-diaminophenol) was synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, MS, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR techniques. In the presence of pH 6.5 (KHPO4-Na2HPO4) buffer solutions, copper reacted with L to form a stable 2:1 complex. Fluorescence spectroscopic study showed that Schiff base is highly sensitive towards Cu(II) over other metal ions (K(+), Na(+), Al(3+), Ni(2+), Co(2+), Fe(3+), Zn(2+), Pb(2+)) in DMSO/H2O (30%, v/v). The sensor L was successfully applied to the determination of copper in standard reference material. The structural properties and molecular orbitals of the complex formed between L and Cu(2+) ions were also investigated using quantum chemical computations.

Keywords: Chemosensor; Copper (II); Fluorescence; Schiff-base.