It's not your mother's marijuana: effects on maternal-fetal health and the developing child

Clin Perinatol. 2014 Dec;41(4):877-94. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2014.08.009. Epub 2014 Sep 27.


Pro-marijuana advocacy efforts exemplified by the "medical" marijuana movement, coupled with the absence of conspicuous public health messages about the potential dangers of marijuana use during pregnancy, could lead to greater use of today's more potent marijuana, which could have significant short- and long-term consequences. This article reviews the current literature regarding the effects of prenatal marijuana use on the pregnant woman and her offspring.

Keywords: Cannabis; Developmental effects; Fetal effects; Marijuana; Perinatal outcomes; Pregnancy; Prenatal exposure; Substance use.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Cannabis / chemistry*
  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Executive Function
  • Female
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Marijuana Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Placenta Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / epidemiology*