Co-gasification of biosolids with biomass: Thermogravimetric analysis and pilot scale study in a bubbling fluidized bed reactor

Bioresour Technol. 2015 Jan:175:51-8. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.10.045. Epub 2014 Oct 17.


This work studied the feasibility of co-gasification of biosolids with biomass as a means of disposal with energy recovery. The kinetics study at 800°C showed that biomass, such as switchgrass, could catalyze the reactions because switchgrass ash contained a high proportion of potassium, an excellent catalyst for gasification. However, biosolids could also inhibit gasification due to interaction between biomass alkali/alkaline earth metals and biosolids clay minerals. In the pilot scale experiments, increasing the proportion of biosolids in the feedstock affected gasification performance negatively. Syngas yield and char conversion decreased from 1.38 to 0.47m(3)/kg and 82-36% respectively as the biosolids proportion in the fuel increased from 0% to 100%. Over the same range, the tar content increased from 10.3 to 200g/m(3), while the ammonia concentration increased from 1660 to 19,200ppmv. No more than 25% biosolids in the fuel feed is recommended to maintain a reasonable gasification.

Keywords: Biomass; Biosolids; Bubbling fluidized bed; Co-gasification; Thermogravimetric analysis.

MeSH terms

  • Biomass*
  • Bioreactors*
  • Catalysis
  • Gases
  • Kinetics
  • Panicum / chemistry*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Refuse Disposal / methods*


  • Gases