Phylogeny, ultrastructure, and flagellar apparatus of a new Marimonad flagellate Abollifer globosa sp. nov. (Imbricatea, Cercozoa)

Protist. 2014 Dec;165(6):808-24. doi: 10.1016/j.protis.2014.10.003. Epub 2014 Oct 24.


Abollifer is a little-known genus of marine heterotrophic flagellates with no ultrastructural and molecular information, and its taxonomic position remains uncertain. In this study, we report a new species of Abollifer, Abollifer globosa sp. nov., isolated from a seawater sample collected at Tokyo Bay. To reveal the taxonomic position and morphological characteristics of A. globosa, we performed light and electron microscopic observations and a phylogenetic analysis using small subunit ribosomal DNA sequences. A. globosa cells were 29.5 μm in length and 22.4 μm in width, oval or ovoid in shape with an apical projection. Two unequal flagella emerged from a deep subapical flagellar pit. The rim of the flagellar pit except for the ventral side was swollen. Electron microscopic observations showed that A. globosa possessed mitochondria with tubular cristae, a Golgi apparatus, microbodies, extrusomes, and many endosymbiotic bacteria. Basal bodies were arranged in parallel. The flagellar apparatus of A. globosa showed affinity with common gliding cercozoan flagellates. Our phylogenetic tree showed that A. globosa branched as the sister position of order Marimonadida (Imbricatea, Cercozoa). On the basis of the morphological and molecular phylogenetic analysis, we conclude that A. globosa is a new member of the order Marimonadida.

Keywords: Cercozoa; Marimonadida; flagellar apparatus.; heterotrophic flagellate; phylogenetic analysis; ultrastructure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cercozoa / classification*
  • Cercozoa / genetics
  • Cercozoa / ultrastructure*
  • DNA, Protozoan / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Flagella / ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
  • Phylogeny*
  • Phylogeography
  • Seawater
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Species Specificity


  • DNA, Protozoan
  • DNA, Ribosomal