Efficacy of once-daily extended-release topiramate (USL255): a subgroup analysis based on the level of treatment resistance

Epilepsy Behav. 2014 Dec;41:136-9. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.09.061. Epub 2014 Oct 21.

Abstract

Results from a previously conducted global phase III study (PREVAIL; NCT01142193) demonstrate the safety and efficacy of once-daily USL255, Qudexy™ XR (topiramate) extended-release capsules, as adjunctive treatment of drug-resistant partial-onset seizures (POSs). In this study, we report a post hoc analysis of PREVAIL data according to patient level of treatment resistance (based upon the number of concomitant antiepileptic drugs [AEDs] and lifetime AEDs) at baseline, with patients defined as either having "highly" drug-resistant seizures (≥ 2 concurrent AEDs and ≥ 4 lifetime AEDs) or having "less" drug-resistant seizures (1 concurrent AED or <4 lifetime AEDs) at baseline. For each subgroup, median percent reduction in POS frequency (primary endpoint), responder rate, Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C), and Quality of Life in Epilepsy--Problems (QOLIE-31-P) survey were assessed. Of 249 PREVAIL patients, 115 were classified as having highly drug-resistant seizures (USL255: n = 52, placebo: n = 63), and 134 were classified as having less drug-resistant seizures (USL255: n = 72, placebo: n = 62) at baseline. For the primary endpoint, USL255 resulted in significantly better seizure outcomes compared with placebo regardless of drug-resistant status (P = .004 and P = .040 for "highly" and "less", respectively). Responder rate was also significantly improved in patients with highly drug-resistant group (P = .023). The CGI-C scores indicated significant improvement in both subgroups (P = .003 and P = .013 for "highly" and "less", respectively). On the QOLIE-31-P, a significant improvement on the seizure worry subscale for the group with less drug-resistant seizures was noted in USL255-treated patients compared with placebo-treated patients (P = .003); the overall score and all other subscales were not significantly different for both subgroups. We conclude that USL255 led to significant improvements across multiple outcomes compared with placebo, including in those classified as having highly drug-resistant seizures to prior treatment, making it a valuable treatment option for patients with epilepsy.

Keywords: Antiepileptic drugs; Drug resistance; Extended-release; Partial seizures; Topiramate.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anticonvulsants / administration & dosage
  • Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use*
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Resistance
  • Epilepsies, Partial / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Fructose / administration & dosage
  • Fructose / analogs & derivatives*
  • Fructose / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Seizures / drug therapy
  • Topiramate
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Anticonvulsants
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Topiramate
  • Fructose

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01142193