ETC-1002 is a new investigational low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering agent (Esperion Therapeutics, Inc.). ETC-1002 is a dicarboxylic acid derivative with a novel mechanism of action targeting two hepatic enzymes--adenosine triphosphate-citrate lyase (ACL) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), inhibiting sterol and fatty acid synthesis and promoting mitochondrial long-chain fatty acid oxidation. This agent is currently in phase II clinical research. Available data report that ETC-1002 significantly decreased LDL-C levels (up to 32%) in both patients with normal and elevated baseline levels of triglycerides. Such beneficial effect is superior to currently approved non-statin lipid lowering agents. The levels of apolipoprotein B (apoB) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) were also reduced with beneficial effect on other cardiometabolic factors such as inflammatory markers, blood pressure and body weight. Although, the safety and tolerability of ETC-1002 needs to be confirmed in ongoing and future, larger studies, this agent has, so far, been generally safe and well tolerated. This novel, oral, once-daily, small molecule may lead to effective LDL-C lowering treatment in hypercholesterolaemic subjects who are statin intolerant or as add-on therapy in those who are unable to reach the LDL-C goals despite being on statin therapy. This agent might not only exert lipid-lowering related benefits, but also favourable cardiometabolic effects.
Keywords: Cardiometabolic risk; ETC-1002; Lipid lowering therapy; Low density lipoprotein cholesterol.
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